India has more than 14 crore smokers of which around 11 crores are males and 3 crores are females. Infact India has the second highest number of female smokers after the United States. Smoking causes major health problems like lung cancer, heart attack, stroke and has a role to play in almost all the diseases. Non-communicable diseases like Diabetes, Hypertension, Kidney Disease all have smoking as one of the key contributors. Smoking causes respiratory diseases like COPD and Asthma apart from Lung Cancer. In women, smoking is linked with Menstrual disorders, infertility, reproductive disorders and most of the cancers.
Smokers must try to quit smoking in order to reverse the damage done to the body. For those who have quit smoking and those who are still smoking, it is important to consult a pulmonologist. Getting regular health checkups which should include Chest X-Ray is very important for smokers and ex-smokers for early diagnosis of any life threatening disease.
Eating a diet which is full of anti-oxidants like raw fruits and vegetables can also lower the health risks associated with smoking. Since lungs are most affected by smoke, doing regular aerobic exercises like walking, running, cycling, swimming and climbing stairs would help in reducing the damage to the lungs. Doing 1 hour exercise everyday would help the smokers but quitting would be of much greater help.
The smokers can choose between the pleasure they get from smoking and the pleasure from sex. Smoking causes erectile dysfunction in men. They will not only have weaker erections but will also have the problem of premature ejaculation. Young smokers should know that smoking affects the health of the sperms and can be a reason behind infertility. Smoking affects all the organs staring from the top of the body (brain) till the feet. Smoking causes narrowing of the blood vessels which is the cause behind heart attack, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, kidney disease and erectile dysfunction. Women smokers must know that the smoke which they are inhaling is extremely dangerous for the fetus. Smoking increases the risk of diabetes and hypertension which are behind most of the diseases in the body. Smoking also results in much faster aging of the skin and falling of hair. If you want to be naughty in the forty then quit smoking asap.
Many young kids take up smoking due to peer pressure in order to appear cool. While smoking might make them appear cool to the opposite sex, nobody likes the smell of cigarette or tobacco while kissing. You have to make the choice between appearing cool or becoming kissable.
Smokers have much less stamina in everything they do. I hope you get my point.
Quitting Smoking is not that difficult as the world has more number of people who are ex-smokers than those who are currently smoking. Some benefits of quitting can be felt immediately while other health benefits keep accruing for 15 years after quitting. The benefits include clearer skin, improved oral health, more stable hormones, a stronger immune system, and a reduced risk of many types of cancers.
Time line of some of the benefits of quitting are :
After 20 minutes–12 hours: Heart rate and carbon monoxide in the blood drop to normal levels.
After 1 year: The risk of a heart attack is much lower, as is blood pressure. Coughing and upper respiratory problems begin to improve.
After 2–5 years: The risk of stroke drops to that of someone who does not smoke.
After 5–15 years: The risk of mouth, throat, esophagus, and bladder cancer is reduced by half.
After 10 years: The risk of lung cancer and bladder cancer is half that of someone who currently smokes.
After 15 years: The risk of heart disease is similar to that of someone who never smoked.
We have developed the most advanced Pulmonology department at CK Birla Hospital which is fully equipped to take care of all kinds of Pulmonary conditions.
We have the most advanced Intensive Care Unit equipped with the latest Ventilators, Monitors and other Life Saving Equipments. Our services run round the clock so that we are there when you need us the most.
Dr Kuldeep Kumar
Chief Pulmonologist and Critical Care Specialist
CK Birla Hospital, Gurgaon
The Air Quality Index of North India is very bad at most times of the year. This air pollution is extremely dangerous for young children and senior citizens. Dr Kuldeep Kumar is talking about the ways to protect your lungs in such air.
Asthma is an allergic disease and can be treated successfully in most of the patients. Dr. Kuldeep Kumar, Pulmonologist is talking about the causes and the treatments available for permanent cure of this highly debilitating disease.